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Bottum-up Approaches: Case Studies

21 Jan 20

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This collection of case studies demonstrates examples of successful implementation of bottom-up approaches (BUA) across the globe. Each case utilizes components of BUA within the planning, decision making, and/or implementation processes.

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Pathways Generator

21 Jan 20

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The Pathways Generator helps you explore policy pathways in an interactive way, for example, together with stakeholders. Pathways are sequences (or portfolios) of actions over time to achieve a set of pre-defined objectives under uncertain and changing future conditions.

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Enhancing the Resilience of the Nation’s Electricity System

01 Jan 17

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Enhancing the Resilience of the Nation’s Electricity System focuses on identifying, developing, and implementing strategies to increase the power system’s resilience in the face of events that can cause large-area, long-duration outages: blackouts that extend over multiple service areas and last several days or longer.

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Resilience Study Scoping Report

31 Oct 19

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This scoping report presents the National Infrastructure Commission’s initial work on resilience. It suggests that more could be done to ensure the UK’s economic infrastructure is resilient, both now and in future. As well as the absence of a holistic view of resilience, it finds there are also a number of cross cutting resilience challenges which require significant changes to the current approach to address them.

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Disaster resilience – a challenged science

28 Dec 19

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The concept of resilience has become prominent and now dominates thinking about risk management, notably including environmental hazard management. This paper examines the diverse origins of resilience and its conceptual roots within the hazard and disaster management field and then questions whether or not resilience is simply a re-branding of the concept of mitigation which has previously been widely employed in the hazard and disaster management field.

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Resilience and Disaster Risk Management Learning Lab

30 Sep 19

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In partnership with the Global Facility for Disaster Reduction and Recovery (GFDRR), the World Bank has, over the past decade, emerged as a global leader in assessing exposure to hazards and addressing disaster risks. Drawing on our accumulated experience and expertise, these virtually facilitated and self-paced courses are designed to enhance your knowledge as a resilience and disaster risk management professional.

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Sigma 5/2019: Indexing resilience

07 Sep 19

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Swiss Re and the London School of Economics have developed this primer for insurance markets and economies. Developing innovative insurance resilience indices for three core areas of risk: natural catstrophe, mortality and healthcare.

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The Business Case for Resilience

23 Jul 19

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In this paper, The business case for resilience, Arcadis explore this topic within the context of cities, industries, utilities and mobility, and ground the discussion in concrete examples of work that they have done.

The paper also examines the important topics of digital and financial resilience.

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Critical infrastructure interdependency analysis: Operationalising resilience strategies

23 Jul 19

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This paper proposes a critical infrastructure interdependency analysis framework and illustrates its application in Puerto Rico following Hurricane Maria. This framework leverages system-level and asset-level infrastructure analyses to illustrate potential cascading and escalating failures, as well as to identify and prioritise potential resilience strategies. The Puerto Rico case study also elucidates the elements and required conditions to operationalise critical infrastructure interdependency analysis in all phases of risk and emergency management, and in the broader perspective of long-term adaptation planning and sustainable development.

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Vulnerabilities of Networked Energy Infrastructure: A primer

17 Jun 19

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Considerable work has been done to understand and improve the resilience of individual infrastructure components. However, systems of components, or even systems of systems, are far less well understood. Cascade effects, where the loss of one infrastructure affects others, is a major source of vulnerability which can lead to catastrophic disruptions of essential services. Interdependencies can also lead to large-scale failures when even a single component is disrupted and results in ‘cascading’ failures within and between networks. This is particularly true for power systems, as many other lifeline infrastructure systems rely on electricity. In this study we review the literature and give a primer on the vulnerabilities of networked energy infrastructure.

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Strengthening new infrastructure assets: A cost-benefit analysis

03 Jul 19

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This paper explores the benefits and the costs of strengthening infrastructure assets to make them more resilient, reducing the repair costs and infrastructure disruptions caused by natural hazards. Strengthening infrastructure assets in low- and middle-income countries would increase investment needs in power, transport, and water and sanitation by between $11 billion and $65 billion a year, i.e. 3 percent of baseline infrastructure investment needs. The uncertainty pertaining to the costs and benefits of infrastructure resilience makes it difficult to provide a single estimate for the benefit-cost ratio of strengthening exposed infrastructure assets. To manage this uncertainty, this paper explores the benefit-cost ratio in 3,000 scenarios, combining uncertainties in all parameters of the analysis.

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Lifelines: The Resilient Infrastructure Opportunity

19 Jun 19

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From serving our most basic needs to enabling our most ambitious ventures in trade and technology, infrastructure services are essential for raising and maintaining people’s quality of life. Yet millions of people, especially in low- and middle-income countries, are facing the consequences of unreliable electricity grids, inadequate water and sanitation systems, and overstrained transport networks. Natural hazards magnify the challenges faced by these fragile systems. Building on a wide range of case studies, global empirical analyses, and modeling exercises, Lifelines lays out a framework for understanding infrastructure resilience—the ability of infrastructure systems to function and meet users’ needs during and after a natural shock—and it makes an economic case for building more resilient infrastructure. Lifelines concludes by identifying five obstacles to resilient infrastructure and offering concrete recommendations and specific actions that can be taken by governments, stakeholders, and the international community to improve the quality and resilience of these essential services, and thereby contribute to more resilient and prosperous societies.

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Views from insurance about the SmartResilience Project

03 Jul 19

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On 18-19 February 2019, EPFL organised a workshop of the SmartResilience project, hosted by the Swiss Re Institute in Zurich. The workshop gathered representatives from insurance and insurance experts. After providing some general considerations about insurance, resilience and critical infrastructure (CI) to describe the context in which the methodologies developed by the SmartResilience project can be used in an insurance setting, this report provides an analysis of the contribution of SmartResilience to insurance. The analysis elaborates from research made prior to the workshop, presentations made by partners of SmartResilience, and discussion among participants.

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What the World Can Learn from Finland’s Brush with Critical Infrastructure Failure

05 Jun 19

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When extreme wind gusts from the Tapani storm hit the western shore of Finland in December 2011, the resulting cascade of critical infrastructure failures throughout the country was alarming. Sixty thousand faults in the electricity grid disconnected 570,000 customers—one of every six households nationally—with consequences to the heating systems, hospitals and water distribution and wastewater treatment and an interruption of unpowered telecommunication services.

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Infrastructure as a wicked complex process

03 Jul 19

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Changing complexity in the increasingly integrated human, natural, and built systems within which our infrastructures are designed and operated make it necessary to examine how the role of engineering requires new competencies for satisficing. Several long-term trends appear to be shifting our infrastructures further away from the complicated domain where optimization and efficiency were the core approaches, to the domain of complexity, where rapidly changing environments and fragmentation of goals require fundamentally new approaches.

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Leveraging socio-ecological resilience theory to build climate resilience in transport infrastructure

10 May 19

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This paper synthesises key literature in climate adaptation and socio-ecological resilience theory to propose a shift in paradigm for transport infrastructure design, construction and operation, towards engineered systems that can transform, evolve and internally manage vulnerability. The authors discuss the opportunity for biomimicry (innovation inspired by nature) as an enabling discipline for supporting resilient and regenerative infrastructure, introducing three potential tools and frameworks.

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A changing climate for development – A toolkit for assessing climate risks for built environment and infrastructure projects

23 May 19

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Climate Ready Clyde and Adaptation Scotland have collaborated to produce a toolkit for assessing and addressing risks in the development of built environment and infrastructure projects. Funded by Scottish Government, and launched in partnership with Adaptation Scotland as part of their broader Adaptation Capability Framework, the toolkit removes a significant number of practical barriers for organisations in Glasgow City Region and beyond to adopt systematic screening processes.

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Global Food Security in the 21st Century: Resilience of the Food Supply

22 May 19

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Food security exists when all people, at all times, have physical, social, and economic access to sufficient, safe, and nutritious food that meets their dietary needs and food preferences for maintaining an active and healthy life. Given the growing risks associated with increased demands for natural resources, social transition, political instability, trade barriers, climate change, and economic inequality, building a resilient, secure global food system is essential. This article reviews current research in this area, critically summarizes the varied efforts that are underway, and candidly questions our ability to address evolving threats to agri-food supply chains.

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Proposed methodology for risk analysis of interdependent critical infrastructures to extreme weather events

22 May 19

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Growing scientific evidence suggests that risks due to failure of critical infrastructures (CIs) will increase worldwide, as the frequency and intensity of extreme weather events (EWEs) induced by climate change increases. Such risks are difficult to estimate due to the increasing complexity and interconnectedness of CIs and because information sharing regarding the vulnerabilities of the different CIs is limited. This paper proposes a methodology for risk analysis of systems of interdependent CIs to EWEs.

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Resilient Water Infrastructure: Improving Understanding and Assessing Needs

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The long-term goal of this research is to drive water utilities to become more resilient enterprises. A principal motivation is the need to maintain stakeholder confidence in utilities’ capacity to manage the substantive challenges they face (in the short-, mid- and long-term). In support of that overall aim, this project: (1) Helps establish a common definition for “resilient infrastructure” in the context of the water utility sector in the United States; (2) Identified existing resources, ongoing efforts, best practices, and potential partner agencies or organizations addressing infrastructure resilience in the water sector, in the United States and internationally; (3) Identified and prioritized a set of targeted research needs and objectives that, if addressed, will underpin the development of pragmatic tools and guidance for water utilities.

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2019 FM Global Resilience Index

22 May 19

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The resilience of a country’s business environment matters when you’re planning where to do business. Updated annually, the 2019 FM Global Resilience Index is the only tool that gives you the ability to compare risk in nearly 130 countries. This can help you evaluate regions, site business operations, select partners and make more informed strategic choices about your enterprise resilience.

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Exploring Resilience: A Scientific Journey from Practice to Theory

22 May 19

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Explores different approaches for operationalization of resilience across scientific disciplines and system levels. Creates a theoretical foundation for a resilience framework across scientific disciplines and system levels. Develops suggestions and inspiration for the research community and practitioners in high-risk industries. Presents chapters from leading international authors representing different research disciplines and practical fields.

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