Last week saw us head to Washington DC for the first of our innovative workshops to explore the practical implications of using and developing tools to build resilience in critical infrastructure.

Hosted by 100 Resilient Cities, the workshop was attended by a range of private and non-profit tool developers, alongside tool users and influencers. There was a focus on how tools for building more resilient infrastructure can support the overall resilience strategy for cities.

The day’s first session considered the perspectives of those in demand of tools to help them implement resilience in their projects. Speakers included representatives from Argentina, Brazil, Canada, Colombia, Salvador, and the US. Each speaker brought their own particular challenges, with procurement, siloed thinking, knowledge of assets, stakeholder engagement and valuing resilience coming out as key issues.

The afternoon session offered a chance for developers to share their tools and for users to ask about the value they deliver, creating a dialogue where barriers to adoption were discussed. Tools included:

– CAT-I (Capacity Assessment Tool for Infrastructure) developed by UNOPS.

– EDGE$ developed by the National Institute of Standards and Technology, US Department of Commerce.

– Resilience Atlas developed by Conservation International.

Resilience Value Realisation developed by ValueLab.

– Thinkhazard! developed by the Global Facility for Disaster Reduction and Recovery (GFDRR).

To conclude the days activities, Savina Carluccio and Igor Linkov provided an overview of the platform that the Resilience Shift is looking to develop which will help to connect tools and approaches with end-users. This resulted in a lively debate with the audience, where our value-chain approach was considered a useful way to approach the challenge of connecting tools with the right individuals. But it was also recognised that disciplines could be another entry point.

Several attendees stated that they often have to adapt tools to work in the local environment that they are operating in. Many times, the problem with tools is that they talk a different language and were designed for different geographies. Therefore, it can be difficult to translate the local challenges. Others suggested that tools are always under development and feedback from users would be important.

There was a dichotomy among attendees of whether developing a platform showcasing tools  should be the primary focus for the Resilience Shift. Some suggested that our focus should be acting as a facilitator to put tools in the hands of end-users, and create a community of practice by leveraging off other established platforms and institutions. While others argued that a repository that provides a crowd-sourced tool rating could provide efficiencies in tool selection. This is something we’ve taken away with us to consider!

We’re planning on running further workshops in the near future. If you are a tool developer or end-user then we’d love to hear from you to see how you might get involved.

The 6th Asia Pacific Climate Change Adaptation Forum took place in Manila, Philippines, and was a place to share lessons and experiences on ‘enabling resilience for all’. Juliet Mian, Resilience Shift Technical Director, discussed (virtually) the role of digital transformation of infrastructure systems in Climate Smart Cities. Further insight into this event and the resilience challenges for this region can be found in this guest blog by Belinda Hewitt.

In Sydney, Australia, Rob Turk, leader of our work on ‘mainstreaming critical infrastructure resilience through policy and standards’, attended the infrastructure resilience session of the Infrastructure Sustainability Council of Australia’s Annual Conference and Awards.

In London, we headed to the Global Engineering Congress (GEC) whose focus was on understanding the role that the engineering community can play to support the United Nation’s Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs).

A report by the University of Oxford-led Infrastructure Transitions Research Consortium and UNOPS launched at the GEC stresses that infrastructure is key to unlocking the SDGs, drawing on case studies from UNOPS projects around the world. It highlights the pivotal role that infrastructure has in delivering the SDGs for a sustainable and resilient future.

The Resilience Shift hosted a technical workshop on ‘Making resilience practical, tangible and relevant’. Savina Carluccio introduced our value-based approach, and how this will help us to improve critical infrastructure resilience. George Beane presented an overview of our WaterShare tool, the new name for the web-based tool we are developing in partnership with the City Water Resilience Framework to map resilient water governance.

Presentations were followed by a panel session including John White of 100 Resilient Cities, Kristen MacAskill of Cambridge University and Juliet Mian. We were thrilled to have such lively engagement with the audience, who showed support towards our value-chain approach through recognition of their own challenges.

Later that day, Juliet represented Resilience Shift in a panel session on the topic of ‘Sustainability in an interconnected world’. Fellow panellists included Elspeth Finch MBE (CEO IAND) and Mark Enzer (CTO, Mott MacDonald). The session was chaired by Craig Lucas (Director of Science and Innovation for Climate and Energy Directorate, UK Government Department for Business, Energy and Industrial Strategy).

In Washington DC, we were excited to kick-off the first of our workshops on resilience ‘tools and approaches’. These are designed to connect tool developers and potential users to help us understand gaps between what exists and what users need. This first workshop was convened by 100 Resilient Cities on behalf of the Resilience Shift. The stream of tweets with views and quotes from the day gives us a hint of the insight gained by -participants. Our next workshop will be in New Orleans in November convened by Global Infrastructure Basel (GIB).

Resilience round up

In our monthly roundup of new, interesting and relevant things that have come to our attention this month, here are some of the key things we found:

– The Institution of Civil Engineers has published a new book on ‘Critical Infrastructures Resilience: Policy Engineering and Principles’.

– The American Society of Civil Engineers published a new manual of practice on ‘Climate Resilient Infrastructure: Adaptive design and risk management’.

– The World Bank published guidance on ‘Transport Sector Recovery: Opportunities to Build Resilience’.

– In their October edition of ‘Voices on Infrastructure’ series, the Global Infrastructure Initiative by McKinsey and Company published their ‘Future-proofing infrastructure in a fast-changing world report, with insights from organisations including the ASCE and the Centre for Liveable Cities.

– As part of the Autumn Budget statement in the UK, the National Infrastructure Commission has announced a study on the resilience of the UK’s infrastructure systems – the momentum around our topic area continues to grow!

– Arup recently published their report on ‘Making the total value case for investment: In infrastructure and the built environment’.

– Lloyd’s of London published an innovation report on ‘Innovative finance for resilience infrastructure‘. We are reviewing this to see what we can learn for our activities in workstream 2.

– We liked the CIRI webinar on ‘Dynamic resiliency modelling and planning for interdependent critical infrastructures which is relevant to our outcome statement on dynamic performance based design.

Join the Resilience Shift conversation on Twitter or LinkedIn and sign up to our blog so you don’t miss out on posts like these. If you have an idea and want to get involved with the Resilience Shift, then we’d love to hear from you – please see our website.

This workshop is part of the Resilience Shift’s Tools and Approaches project and takes place in Washington with the collaboration of 100 Resilient Cities and other partners.

Participants represent critical infrastructure stakeholders from the beginning of the resilience value chain.

The day kicks off with introductions to The Resilience Shift, the ‘Value Chain’ approach, an overview of demand for and use of tools in 100RC’s member cities and an overview of the day’s activities.

Session 1 focuses on Demand and includes quickfire presentations from both City and Non-city users to create a shared understanding of the need for tools to help meet various demands.

Session 2 focuses on Supply and will explore the challenges and opportunities in how tools are both used and developed.

Session 3 focuses on Platform and having discussed the needs and tools available in the previous two sessions, the final session captures concluding thoughts from both the Users and Developers on the value of a community of practice, a supportive platform, and next steps.

September 2018 has been a great month for the Resilience Shift team, and our wider network of grantees and pioneers.

Our focus is on a shift in practice, and we know that to do this, we need to engage widely with stakeholders, from across critical infrastructure value chains. Convening those who can influence changes in practice is a two-way exchange – we can disseminate knowledge, and we can learn from the engagement about what’s needed, what works, and what doesn’t.

As we start to approach the end of our second year, disseminating the work we’re doing, and planning work for 2019 and beyond, is keeping us all very busy.

There is a wealth of knowledge captured in the latest issue of the journal Environment Systems and Decisions and we are very proud of the contribution the Resilience Shift has made to this special edition – read more in Nancy Kete’s recent blog.

Events globally during the past month have served to bring into focus once again the importance of resilient infrastructure, to create a world that is not only safer, but also better able to function after an event. Typhoons, hurricanes and most recently the deadly earthquake and tsunami in Palu, Indonesia, all illustrate the interconnected nature of infrastructure, and how communities rely on these systems, such as communication networks, in times of crisis.

This issue of cascading failures linked to power and communications infrastructure in a ‘black skies’ situation was explored at a Resilience First event in London that we attended. With a debate led by Lord Toby Harris, UK Coordinator of the Electrical Infrastructure Security Council (EIS), the event offered an insight into how the energy industry prepares for such incidents and how they aim to build resilience into the system – see Lord Toby’s article Are we ready if the lights go out?. The EIS Council was also responsible for the recent EIS Earth Ex exercise that included such a scenario among its event content.

The Resilience Shift is a global initiative. This is extremely important for our work, and reflects the increasingly globally connected world we live in. In practice, we can’t make a global shift in one simple step and have to start with geographies that we know well. Arup, as the host institution, has a ready-made global community to support this.

We are starting work in the Australasian region, assessing the contribution that policy and legislation make to ‘moving the needle’ of infrastructure resilience. This is against the background of a number of developments, including, very recently, the New South Wales government’s publication of its Critical Infrastructure Resilience Strategy, encouraging leaders in business and government to support communities by improving critical infrastructure resilience.

Remaining in Australia, we also found some useful insights from Australia’s infrastructure sector and how they’re managing climate resilience in the infrastructure sector in this short video.

Some other interesting resources we’ve found useful this month include:

Looking forward to October, you can hear from the Resilience Shift at the Institution of Civil Engineers (ICE)’s Global Engineering Congress in London, and the 6th Asia-Pacific Climate Change Adaptation (APAN) Forum in Manila, Philippines.

We’ll also be conducting the first of a series of workshops on tools and approaches focusing on the needs of participants from the beginning, middle and end of the critical infrastructure value chain. These promise to be extremely insightful in helping us to explore how we can turn theory to practice for all those working in infrastructure resilience.

Following our call for expressions of interest, we are delighted to confirm that we’ve provisionally selected four grantees to help us develop industry specific resilience primers.

We’ll be announcing their names and topics in due course, so sign up to our blog to receive our news directly.

Savina Carluccio from Resilience Shift will be hosting a technical session at this World Bank conference providing examples of how resilience value can be delivered and resilience enhanced at different (spatial) scales.

Entitled ‘Enhancing resilience: from asset to city scale’, this will be a practical session on how risk fits into the wider context of resilience. The session will cover different scales of resilience from individual asset to city resilience:

City resilience, giving specific examples of implementation of the City Resilience Index – the first comprehensive tool for cities to understand and assess their resilience, enhancing their ability to build sound strategies and plans for a strong future

The World Bank Urban Rail Design Guidebook – Practical guidance on embedding resilience to climate and natural hazards in urban rail projects

Resilience of the Corridor X Highway Project and other infrastructure in the Western Balkans – measures taken to strengthen environmental and social performance

The Resilience Shift – a global initiative to re-orient professional practice from a focus on infrastructure as an asset, to a focus on infrastructure as part of a system that provides services under both ordinary and extraordinary circumstances and the role tools and approaches can play in enhancing resilience.

Presentations will be followed by a panel discussion and a feedback session

 

Savina Carluccio leads the resilience tools project

Savina Carluccio leads the resilience tools project

In late June the Resilience Shift project team and grantees on our ‘Tools and Approaches‘ project got together for a two-day opportunity framing workshop.

Caroline Field and Richard Look from MMI Engineering, Simon Gill, Marίa Carrera, and Mairi McLean from Schumacher Institute, and Igor Linkov, joined Savina Carluccio, Áine Ní Bhreasail and Xavi Aldea from the Resilience Shift and Marcela Ruibal from ValueLab BV.

The objective of the workshop was to better define what the opportunity in hand is, how we will work together and what success will look like in the short and long term.

We had a great session with some really interesting thought exchanges that helped us reach consensus on our next steps.

This project ultimately aims to connect practitioners, decision makers and other stakeholders with the tools and approaches needed to enhance resilience of critical infrastructure. We want to help them make better decisions on how to ‘do’ resilience and add resilience value in their day jobs.

We believe that a value chain approach to resilience of critical infrastructure may just do this. Value will be delivered by connecting practitioners, decision makers and others in the value chain to the tools and approaches relevant to their role in creating, protecting and enabling resilience value.

We are excited about the opportunity to develop and test the value chain approach for resilience of critical infrastructure, as Igor Linkov put it: “you are the first to connect the idea of Value Chain and Resilience and it not only is attractive to practice, but also good for science in general.”

MMI, Schumacher, Igor Linkov and Valuelab with the Resilience Shift at our tools and approaches workshop

MMI Engineering, Schumacher Institute, Igor Linkov and Valuelab with the Resilience Shift at our tools and approaches workshop

 

To this end, we are looking to develop a platform to provide practitioners and other stakeholders with access and connection to tools and approaches in a way that is meaningful, practical and user-centred. The next few months will help us define why and how our proposed platform can drive resilience practice adoption and help people do their jobs better, wherever they are in the value chain for resilience of critical infrastructure.

We have all agreed the success statement for the project to be that, by end of 2018, we will have demonstrated the concept and collected the information to needed inform the design and delivery in 2019 of an online interactive online platform delivering value to its users.

Next steps will be a series of workshops bringing and users to share knowledge and experience of resilience tools/approaches and best practice to support successful implementation and sustained use. Watch this space, and please get in touch if you’d like to get involved.

Savina Carluccio

We were excited to receive 35 expressions of interest, in response to our recent call for partners to work with us to create a repository of tools and approaches related to infrastructure resilience.

On behalf of the Resilience Shift team, I’d like to thank all those that responded. Responses represented an excellent mix of academia, non-profit, SMEs and larger commercial organisations.

We are in the process of reviewing and assessing these, and we’ll be following up with respondents soon.  We’re exploring different modes of engagement with those who responded, in order to make the most of this great community of practice.

Thanks again for your interest in the Resilience Shift.

Savina

 

p.s. This won’t represent the only opportunity to work with us in 2018, or beyond. Please keep an eye out on our website and/or social media streams for future opportunities.

 

Nancy Kete, Executive Director of the Resilience Shift will be speaking at the Lloyd’s Register Foundation (LRF) conference 2018 and leading a special workshop on tools and approaches to enable critical infrastructure resilience. Join us there.

Tools and approaches to enable critical infrastructure resilience
An interactive workshop by the Resilience Shift and Arup Foresight

Take part in a high-energy, collaborative exploration and review of emerging and future tools, frameworks and approaches (TFA) that contribute to enhancing the resilience of critical infrastructure.

Participants will get the opportunity to hear about, review, prioritise and add to the latest research by the Resilience Shift. The interactive exercise will map and review emerging and future tools, frameworks and approaches along two axis: maturity (Now / New / Next) and the value chain. This will allow us to identify priority areas along a timeline and their level of importance, and will reveal and fill gaps where additional innovation/ action is required.

The session will be run with two groups working in parallel to generate insight on priority areas from two perspectives and to stimulate discussion in a shared report outcome. Groups will first review and add to the pre-populated matrix, and then switch and prioritise the other group’s work according to impact and importance.

Duration: 30min
Team: Host: Nancy Kete, Facilitators: Will Goode, Felicitas zu Dohna;
Date / Time: 10th May 2018, 12:30-13:00

More about the event:
The two-day event brings together LRF grant holders, academia, industry and members of the public, and is a fantastic opportunity to learn more about the work and impact of the Lloyd’s Register Foundation. The event will feature keynote speakers, presentations and early career ‘master classes’ spanning all areas of LRF grants funding, and will showcase the excellent work done by grant holders covering four strategic themes – promoting safety and public understanding, advancement of skills and education, supporting excellent scientific research and accelerating the application of research.