...in thinking

Resilience Engineered

Three films to demystify resilience, funded by The Resilience Shift, developed in collaboration with the Department of Engineering, University of Cambridge.

Summary for Urban Policymakers

A summary for urban policymakers, presenting the latest Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) assessments in targeted summaries that can help inform action at the city scale.

Resilient Leadership

Real-time learning from the Covid crisis was captured over 16 weeks of interviews with senior leaders, providing insights into what makes resilient leadership, and how to lead for resilience.

...in practice

Infrastructure Pathways

A resource for practitioners in search of clear, easy-to-navigate guidance on climate-resilient infrastructure, compiled from hundreds of leading resources, and organized by lifecycle phase.


Diagram of a working port


A multi-stakeholder, whole-systems approach is needed for ports to become low carbon resilient gateways to growth, as a meeting point of critical infrastructure systems, cities and services.


Resilience Realized

The Resilience Realized Awards recognise projects around the world at the cutting edge of resilience.

City Water Resilience Approach

CWI Wheel diagram


Download the step by step methodology to help cities collaboratively build resilience to local water challenges, mapped with the OurWater online governance tool, as used by cities around the world.

Resilience4Ports: Gateways to a resilient future


Gateways to a resilient future

In a complex and uncertain world, resilience is essential to the business continuity of ports and the critical infrastructure systems that ports connect. A whole-systems approach is needed to deliver the resilient, low carbon gateways society needs to prosper.

Get the full report

Diagram of a working port

Communities globally depend on resilient, low carbon ports to prosper. With our partners, we are exploring opportunities for resilient, system-wide, transformation through the lenses of decarbonisation, technology and port cities.

Ports, as a nexus of multiple systems. can become a leading global example of the transition to a carbon neutral world by mid-century. This approach requires planning and delivering transformation in a holistic manner – one which enhances resilience of the broad elements of the port system, recognising future as well as current pressures.

The Resilience Shift has launched a new report on the resilience of the ports ecosystem at the end of phase one of our Resilience4Ports project.

Launched in July 2020, the project has brought together over 30 organisations from across the ports-value chain to identify the current and future resilience challenges facing ports and the opportunities for and threats to resilience action.

Read more about the project

4 action areas

The Resilience4Ports report offers four principal action areas to enhance the resilience of ports.


Learning the lessons from Covid-19 and Brexit

Ports around the world have been subject to a diverse range of shocks and stresses from the Covid-19 crisis; from sudden changes in volumes of goods transported to worker shortages and the seafarer crisis. We must learn from this period of intense difficulties.

Additionally, as the UK leaves the transition period for departure from the EU, the response of ports – in the UK and EU - to these significant changes can tell us a lot about resilience.

Reflecting on this period could show us what good looks like for resilience, in a way that is transferable to future crises, whatever their form; from responding to a changing climate to technology-related shocks.


Developing guidance for integrated port transformation

Ports are undergoing simultaneous transformations – to become both low carbon energy and smart mobility hubs. Both of these agendas are associated with uncertain technology pathways, new business models and human factor challenges around new skills, new ways of working and adopting new technology.

At the same time, ports need to adapt to a changing climate, respond to the global biodiversity emergency and enhance social value.

There is significant risk that these intersecting agendas, if not treated holistically, result in more fragility and vulnerability in port systems – affecting port businesses and the communities that depend upon their critical functions.

There is a need for practical guidance on how to take an integrated approach to these challenges, acknowledging uncertainty and enhancing resilience.


Promoting port investment that enhances whole system resilience

To realise the huge opportunity resilient, low-carbon ports can deliver to society, a step-change in finance, investment and insurance is needed. This involves increasing the flow of finance to where it is most needed, but also enabling financial appraisal of projects in a manner which maximises system-level benefits.



Convening a port's value chain to understand and shape resilience

As well the port knowledge and guidance described above, which could be developed for multi-port application, there is a need for a common approach to port specific resilience appraisal and enhancements. Such an approach needs to focus on convening the value chain for the whole port system, as well as the actors associated with key external interdependencies.

There’s a need for this approach to capture – and eventually quantify – resilience value outside of as well as within the port system. A common tool and framework for port resilience appraisal could be structured to assist port transformational planning and implementation.

36 trends and developments

Resilience4Ports explored 36 trends and developments facing ports by examining four key drivers of change facing the ports ecosystem: decarbonisationtechnological changeports communities and the environment,

It also highlights the opportunities and threats to enhancing ports resilience that these present.


Opportunities for change

After examining the drivers of change transforming the ports industry the report finds that:

  • Embracing resilience can unite the main transformations the ports industry is currently going through including decarbonisation, technological change, effects on ports communities and a changing environment.
  • There is still work to be done to make the business case for resilience and unlocking the finance needed to achieve it.
  • Fragmented governance of ports and lack of a coordinated industry response is hampering action on addressing resilience challenges and the trends transforming the ports industry.
  • A whole-systems approach is needed on resilience, including strengthening engagement with ports communities on the human effects of port transformations
  • The ports-value chain needs to come together to quantify the value of resilience and produce practical guidance on how to take an integrated approach to resilience which address the multiple drivers of change in a holistic manner.

Stakeholder perspectives

We need guidance on how investments can be appraised at a systems-level.

Financing must support low carbon, resilient ports.

To deal with uncertainty and avoid maladaptation, there is a need to better align financing criteria with delivery of flexible and adaptive solutions that can be modified as conditions change.

We need to identify funding opportunities for emerging technology, especially around clean energy.

We need to collaborate with leading investors for ports that are driving ESG

We need to quantify whole value chain impacts – the cost of inaction

We need a business case for resilience, to shift from cost minimisation towards longer term success over short-term profits

Technology can enable evidence-based decision making to unlock resilience

We need to reduce fragmentation across the value chain

From a technology point of view, what standards and assurance processes are needed to support the resilience shift in ports?

Is there a space to pull best practices from other port standards/tools and help drive scalable solutions?

We need practical guidance on dealing with climate change uncertainties – including preparedness, flexibility and adaptive capacity

Resilience standards could provide quality assurance for investment and accelerate adoption of green fuels

We have to learn from Covid-19 and Brexit – not by focussing on causes (threats), but on consequences (impacts) and what this tells us about resilience

We need adaptation pathways for ports: flexibility and scalability in solutions, avoiding being locked into a particular plan as conditions change

Ports need guidance for the future technology pathways, and how to plan in a way that reduces risks. A roadmap can guide activities through the infrastructure life cycle

Ports are embracing tech in different ways – we need standardisation, to work together and speak the same language

Is part of the output a ports system model that can drive resilience across the range of stakeholders?

People are the most important element in resilience, we need to build social capital of trust and leadership

We need to train the new generation of port communities with the introduction of technologies

We need to promote the port sector as an innovative industry to attract and engage with technology

We must assess risks across the system, including overlapping jurisdictions – there’s a need for co-ordinated planning

We must have a structured way of analysing specific ports, hazards, risks and consequences, to find priorities for further development

We could use shared vision planning, including structured technical and stakeholder dialogues to define the art of the possible – develop a filter that future projects can be checked against

Previous work

For further reading on the port as a system and the challenges commonly faced, refer to The Resilience Shift’s ‘Ports primer’ and the ‘Ports and logistics roundtable’ publications.

Phase 2

Phase two will see The Resilience Shift work with pre-existing ports initiatives to collaborate on overcoming threats to resilience and turn the recommendations from phase one into actions.

Mark Button


For more information please contact Mark Button - mark.button@resilienceshift.org