City Water Resilience Approach Literature Review

The City Water Resilience Approach (CWRA) helps cities build the capacity of urban water systems to endure, adapt and transform in the face of new challenges for the benefit of all city residents. It has been developed to guide decisions by a range of stakeholders including government, private sector, academic and civil society actors.

Ultimately, the approach will inform how water programmes and projects are planned, designed, delivered and operated to improve outcomes to individuals relying on safe water systems for their health and wellbeing.

Phase 1 of the project defined an approach that allows cities to measure the resilience of their urban water system. The approach is developed based on a review of relevant literature and assessment of the resources currently available to cities for building water resilience. This preliminary research is described in this report.


Publication date: 13 March, 2019
Authors: The CWRA project team includes Pilar Avello (SIWI), George Beane (Arup), Kieran Birtill (Arup), James Bristow (Arup), Alexa Bruce (Arup / The Resilience Shift), Louise Ellis (Arup / The Resilience Shift), Sophie Fisher (Arup), Mark Fletcher (Arup), Caroline Karmann (Arup), Richard Gine (SIWI), Alejandro Jiménez (SIWI), James Leten (SIWI), Kathryn Pharr (Venturi Innovation), Oriana Romano (OECD), Iñigo Ruiz-Apilánez (Arup / The Resilience Shift), Panchali Saikia (SIWI), Martin Shouler (Arup) and Paul Simkins (Arup).