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Views from insurance about the SmartResilience Project

03 Jul 19

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On 18-19 February 2019, EPFL organised a workshop of the SmartResilience project, hosted by the Swiss Re Institute in Zurich. The workshop gathered representatives from insurance and insurance experts. After providing some general considerations about insurance, resilience and critical infrastructure (CI) to describe the context in which the methodologies developed by the SmartResilience project can be used in an insurance setting, this report provides an analysis of the contribution of SmartResilience to insurance. The analysis elaborates from research made prior to the workshop, presentations made by partners of SmartResilience, and discussion among participants.

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Infrastructure as a wicked complex process

03 Jul 19

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Changing complexity in the increasingly integrated human, natural, and built systems within which our infrastructures are designed and operated make it necessary to examine how the role of engineering requires new competencies for satisficing. Several long-term trends appear to be shifting our infrastructures further away from the complicated domain where optimization and efficiency were the core approaches, to the domain of complexity, where rapidly changing environments and fragmentation of goals require fundamentally new approaches.

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Leveraging socio-ecological resilience theory to build climate resilience in transport infrastructure

10 May 19

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This paper synthesises key literature in climate adaptation and socio-ecological resilience theory to propose a shift in paradigm for transport infrastructure design, construction and operation, towards engineered systems that can transform, evolve and internally manage vulnerability. The authors discuss the opportunity for biomimicry (innovation inspired by nature) as an enabling discipline for supporting resilient and regenerative infrastructure, introducing three potential tools and frameworks.

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Proposed methodology for risk analysis of interdependent critical infrastructures to extreme weather events

22 May 19

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Growing scientific evidence suggests that risks due to failure of critical infrastructures (CIs) will increase worldwide, as the frequency and intensity of extreme weather events (EWEs) induced by climate change increases. Such risks are difficult to estimate due to the increasing complexity and interconnectedness of CIs and because information sharing regarding the vulnerabilities of the different CIs is limited. This paper proposes a methodology for risk analysis of systems of interdependent CIs to EWEs.

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The Resilience Work of Institutions

01 Jul 19

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This paper recognised that an understanding of infrastructure resilience requires an understanding of the work that institutions do to produce infrastructure change. It divides the resilience work of institutions into three types: operational, regulatory, and constitutional. A proposed framework that incorporates the types of resilience work done by institutions, scales, objectives, and uncertainties is presented.

 

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